John Wesley Powell
"There are two grand stages of philosophy the mythologic—and the scientific.
In the first, all phenomena are explained by analogies derived from subjective
human experiences; in the latter, phenomena are explained as orderly
successions of events.
In sublime egotism man first interprets the cosmos as an extension of himself;
he classifies the phenomena of the outer world by their analogies with
subjective phenomena; his measure of distance is his own pace, his measure of
time his own sleep, for he says, "It is a thousand paces to the great rock,"
or, "It is a hundred sleeps to the great feast." Noises are voices, powers are
hands, movements are made afoot. By subjective examination discovering in
himself will and design, and by inductive reason discovering will and design
in his fellow men and in animals, he extends the induction to all the cosmos,
and there discovers in all things will and design. All phenomena are supposed
to be the acts of someone, and that someone having will and purpose. In
mythologic philosophy the phenomena of the outer physical world are supposed
to be the acts of living, willing, designing personages. The simple are
compared with and explained by the complex. In scientific philosophy,
phenomena are supposed to be children of antecedent phenomena, and so far as
science goes with its explanation they are thus interpreted. Man with the
subjective phenomena gathered about him is studied from an objective point of
view, and the phenomena of subjective life are relegated to the categories
established in the classification of the phenomena of the outer world; thus
the complex is studied by resolving it into its simple constituents..."