A new way of conceiving scientific research, Open Science, was born with the
computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free public access to the
results of publicly funded research), it accompanies the great ideal of
transparency that is now invading all spheres of life in society. This book
describes its origins, perspectives and objectives. It also reveals the
obstacles and barriers due to private profit and academic conservatism.
Bernard Rentier is a Belgian virologist, associate member of the Royal Academy
of Sciences, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium, in the «Technology and Society»
class. He is First Vice-President of the Belgian Federal Council of Science
After an international career as a researcher, he became Vice-rector
(1997-2005) and then Rector of the University of Liège (2005-2014).
He has established an institutional repository for scientific publications
with a mandate that has become a famed Open Access model and he is currently
working to promote Open Science in all its implications for research and